With its hot, dry summers and cool, wet winters,ITALY experiences a mediterranean climate. Winters in Italy are cool and humid in the north and the mountainous zone. Sometimes cold air from northern Europe can spread south into Italy, bring snow to most mountains, while the coasts are kept warm by the high sea temperatures.
The summer can be quite hot in Italy, mainly in the south of the peninsula, with high nocturnal temperatures of usually 28-33°C, but sometimes even 40°C. Thunderstorms are quite common especially in the northern areas. The meditteranean climate in Italy has often local variations. Surrounded by warm seas and with mountains close by, the coast always has a breeze; mountain areas are usually cooler with clear sunny skies, but sometimes local showers or thunderstorms in the afternoon. Hot air rising from the sea can cause heavy Thunderstorms especially in early fall, but these bring often the only summer rain that rapidly evaporates. In spring and fall, the Sirocco, a warm wind from Africa, raises the temperature of the peninsula. In The summer these Winds can bring very hot, unpleasant weather, sometimes even up to the northern districts of Italy.
Italian Society & Culture
The family is the centre of the social structure and provides a stabilizing influence for its members. In the north, generally only the nuclear family lives together; while in the south, the extended family often resides together in one house. The family provides both emotional and financial support to its members.
Appearances matter in Italy. The way you dress can indicate your social status, your family’s background, and your education level. First impressions are lasting impressions in Italy. The concept of ‘bella figura’ or good image is important to Italians. They unconsciously assess another person’s age and social standing in the first few seconds of meeting them, often before any words are exchanged. Clothes are important to Italians. They are extremely fashion conscious and judge people on their appearance. You will be judged on your clothes, shoes, accessories and the way you carry yourself. Bella figura is more than dressing well. It extends to the aura your project too – i.e. confidence, style, demeanour, etc.
Etiquette & Customs in Italy
Greetings are enthusiastic yet rather formal. The usual handshake with direct eye contact and a smile suffices between strangers. Once a relationship develops, air-kissing on both cheeks, starting with the left is often added as well as a pat on the back between men. Wait until invited to move to a first name basis. Italians are guided by first impressions, so it is important that you demonstrate propriety and respect when greeting people, especially when meeting them for the first time. Many Italians use calling cards in social situations. These are slightly larger than traditional business cards and include the person’s name, address, title or academic honours, and their telephone number. If you are staying in Italy for an extended period of time, it is a good idea to have calling cards made. Never give your business card in lieu of a calling card in a social situation.
Gift Giving Etiquette
Do not give chrysanthemums as they are used at funerals. Do not give red flowers as they indicate secrecy. Do not give yellow flowers as they indicate jealousy If you bring wine, make sure it is a good vintage. Quality, rather than quantity, is important. Do not wrap gifts in black, as is traditionally a mourning colour. Do not wrap gifts in purple, as it is a symbol of bad luck. Gifts are usually opened when received.
If invited to an Italian house: If an invitation says the dress is informal, wear stylish clothes that are still rather formal, i.e., jacket and tie for men and an elegant dress for women. Punctuality is not mandatory. You may arrive between 15 minutes late if invited to dinner and up to 30 minutes late if invited to a party. If you are invited to a meal, bring gift-wrapped such as wine or chocolates. If you are invited for dinner and want to send flowers, have them delivered that day.
Remain standing until invited to sit down. You may be shown to a particular seat. Table manners are Continental — the fork is held in the left hand and the knife in the right while eating. Follow the lead of the hostess – she sits at the table first, starts eating first, and is the first to get up at the end of the meal. The host gives the first toast. An honoured guest should return the toast later in the meal. Women may offer a toast. Always take a small amount at first so you can be cajoled into accepting a second helping. Do not keep your hands in your lap during the meal; however, do not rest your elbows on the table either. It is acceptable to leave a small amount of food on your plate. Pick up cheese with your knife rather than your fingers. If you do not want more wine, leave your wine glass nearly f
Relationships & Communication
Italians prefer to do business with people they know and trust. A third party introduction will go a long way in providing an initial platform from which to work. Italians much prefer face-to-face contact, so it is important to spend time in Italy developing the relationship. Your business colleagues will be eager to know something about you as a person before conducting business with you. Demeanour is important as Italians judge people on appearances and the first impression you make will be a lasting one. Italians are intuitive. Therefore, make an effort to ensure that your Italians colleagues like and trust you. Networking can be an almost full-time occupation in Italy. Personal contacts allow people to get ahead. Take the time to ask questions about your business colleagues family and personal interests, as this helps build the relationship Italians are extremely expressive communicators. They tend to be wordy, eloquent, emotional, and demonstrative, often using facial and hand gestures to prove their point.
Business Meeting Etiquette
Appointments are mandatory and should be made in writing (in Italian) 2 to 3 weeks in advance. Reconfirm the meeting by telephone or fax (again in Italian). Many companies are closed in August, and if they are open many Italians take vacations at this time, so it is best not to try to schedule meetings then. In the north, punctuality is viewed as a virtue and your business associates will most likely be on time. The goal of the initial meeting is to develop a sense of respect and trust with your Italian business colleagues. Have all your printed material available in both English and Italian. Hire an interpreter if you are not fluent in Italian. It is common to be interrupted while speaking or for several people to speak at once. People often raise their voice to be heard over other speakers, not because they are angry. Although written agendas are frequently provided, they may not be followed. They serve as a jumping off point for further discussions. Decisions are not reached in meetings. Meetings are meant for a free flow of ideas and to let everyone have their say.
Dressing well is a priority in Italy. Men should wear dark coloured, conservative business suits. Women should wear either business suits or conservative dresses. Elegant accessories are equally important for men and women.
|FAMOUS FOOD OF ITALY||INDIAN CUISINE|
|1. Chicken parmigiana||Curry House – Indian restaurant in Milano, Italy|
|2. Fettuccine alfredo||Dalala – Italian and Indian cuisine restaurant in Italy|
|3. Lasagna||hiamlaya’s kashmiri,Rome – Indian & Pakistani cuisine restaurant|
|4. Linguine with clam sauce||Maharaja – Indian restaurant in Rome|
|5. Veal marsala||Milan- Italy based Indian restaurant|
|6. Chicken Saltimbocca||Surya Mahal -Restaurant in Rome|
|7. Pasta primavera –||Tandur -Indian restaurant in Milano, Italy|
|8. Shrimp fra diavolo|
|9. Penne alla vodka|
|10. Spaghetti with tomato sauce –|
|Thursday||1-Jan||New Years Day||Capodanno|
|Thursday||19-Mar||Fathers Day||Celebrated on Saint Joseph’s Day. Not a public holiday|
|Monday||6-Apr||Easter Monday||Lunedì dell Angelo, Pasquetta|
|Saturday||25-Apr||Liberation Day||End of World War II in Italy, 1945|
|Tuesday||28-Apr||Sardinia Day||Sa Die de Sa Sardigna. Sardinia only.|
|Friday||1-May||Labour Day||Festa del Lavoro|
|Sunday||10-May||Mothers Day||2nd Sunday in May. Not a public holiday|
|Tuesday||2-Jun||Republic Day||Birth of the Italian Republic, 1946|
|Wednesday||24-Jun||The Patron Saint of Turin||Turin Only|
|Monday||29-Jun||Saint Peter and Saint Paul||Rome only|
|Saturday||15-Aug||Assumption Day||Assumption of Mary|
|Sunday||1-Nov||All Saints Day||Tutti i santi (Ognissanti)|
|Monday||7-Dec||Feast of St Ambrose||Milan only|
|Tuesday||8-Dec||Immaculate Conception Day||Immacolata Concezione|
|Saturday||26-Dec||St Stephens Day||Santo Stefano|
|LIST OF HOSPITALS|
|sl. No||Name of Hospital||Address||Tel||Fax|
|1||Anthea srl||Via Camillo Rosalba 35-37||+ 39 080 564 4111||+ 39 080 564 4678|
|2||Ars Medica spa||Via C.Ferrero di Cambiano 29||+ 39 06 362 081||+ 39 06 362 08502|
|3||C.O.T. spa||Via Ducezio 1||+ 39 090 660 1||+ 39 090 640 9680|
|4||Campolongo Hospital||Ebolitano spa||+ 39 0828 348 111||+ 39 0828 691 296|
|Via Vicinale del Bosco|
|5||Candela spa||Via Valerio Villareale n. 54||+ 39 091 587 122||+ 39 091 589 544|
|6||Casa Del Sole srl||Via G Paone 58||+ 39 0771 243 61||+ 39 0771 770 182|
|7||Cellini spa||Via Cellini 5||+ 39 011 692 11||+ 39 011 663 7045|
|8||Centro Diagnostico SPA||Via F.A. Pigafetta 1||+ 39 06 571071||+ 39 06 501074|
|9||Citta’ Di Milano spa||Via Lamarmora 10||+ 39 02 542 81||+ 39 02 550 17|
|10||Citta’ Di Parma spa||Piazzale A Maestri 5||+ 39 0521 249 611||+ 39 0521 493 474|
|3 STAR||4 STAR|
|Hotel Regno||Kolbe Rome Hotel|
|Via Del Corso 330, Trevi, Rome, Italy 00186||Via Di San Teodoro 48, Colosseum & Foro Romano, Rome, Italy 00186|
|Hotel Serena||UNA Hotel Roma|
|64 Principe Amedeo Street, Termini Central Station, Rome, Italy 00185||57 Giovanni Amendola Street, Termini Central Station, Rome, Italy 00185|
|Bettoja Hotel Nord Nuova Roma||Bettoja Mediterraneo Hotel|
|3 G. Amendola Street, Termini Central Station, Rome, Italy 00185||15 Cavour Street, Termini Central Station, Rome, Italy 00184|
|Ibis Roma Fiera||Hotel La Residenza|
|63 Arturo Mercanti Street, Rome West, Rome, Italy 00148||Via Emilia,22-24, Via Veneto, Rome, Italy 00152|
|Camelia Hotel||Visconti Palace Hotel|
|Via Goito 36, Termini Central Station, Rome, Italy 00185||37 Federico Cesi Street, Vatican, Rome, Italy 00193 (|
|MOTOR SHOW BOLOGNA||once a year||Bologna||08.12 – 14.12 2014|
|International Car and Motorcycle Exhibition||> Bologna Exhibition Centre|
|IL SALONE DELLO STUDENTE – CATANIA||unknown||Catania||10.12 – 12.12 2014|
|Student’s Exhibition||> Le Ciminiere|
|ARTI & MESTIERI EXPO||once a year||Rome||11.12 – 14.12 2014|
|Handicrafts and Gastronomy Fair||> Fiera di Roma|
|COUNTRY CHRISTMAS||once a year||Pordenone||12.12 – 14.12 2014|
|Christmas Fair||> Pordenone Fiere|
|IERI L’ALTRO – FAENZA||unknown||Faenza||14.12 – 14.12 2014|
|Antiquities Fair||> Faenza Fiere|
|7.8.NOVECENTO||once a year||Modena||14.12 – 16.12 2014|
|Great Antiquity Autumn Market Expo||> Modena Fiere|
|MOTORSPORT EXPOTECH||once a year||Modena||Jan. 2015 (?)|
|Exhibition of Products, Technologies and Services For Motor-Racing Competitions||> Modena Fiere|
|DOMANI SPOSI||once a year||Reggio Emilia||09.01 – 11.01 2015|
|Bridal Fair||> Fiere di Reggio Emilia|
|UDINE SPOSA||once a year||Udine||09.01 – 11.01 2015|
|Wedding Fair||> Udine e Gorizia Fiere|
|ESPOSIZIONE INTERNAZIONALE FELINA||once a year||Padua||11.01 – 12.01 2015|
|International Cat Show||> PadovaFiere|
|PITTI IMAGINE W||twice a year||Florence||13.01 – 16.01 2015|
|Fair-event devoted to special projects in women’s fashions concomitantly with Pitti Uomo||> Stazione Leopolda|
On August 24, 79 AD, the volcano Vesuvius erupted, covering the nearby town Pompeii with ash and soil, and subsequently preserving the city in its state from that fateful day. Everything from jars and tables to paintings and people were frozen in time. Its excavation has provided an extraordinarily detailed insight into the life of people living two thousand years ago. Today Pompeii is one of the most popular tourist attractions of Italy, with approximately 2,500,000 visitors every year.
Piazza del Campo
One of Europe’s greatest medieval squares, the Piazza del Campo is the principal public space of the historic center of siena , Tuscany. It is renowned worldwide for its beauty and architectural integrity. The Palazzo Pubblico and its famous tower, as well as various palazzi signorili belonging to the wealthiest of Siena families surround the shell-shaped piazza. The twice-per-year horse-race, Palio di Siena, involves circling the Piazza del Campo, on which a thick layer of dirt has been laid, three times and usually lasts no more than 90 seconds.
Santa Maria del Fiore
Begun in 1296 in the Gothic style and completed in 1436, The Basilica di Santa Maria del Fiore is Florence’s beautiful cathedral and symbol of the city. The exterior of the basilica is faced with polychrome marble panels in various shades of green and pink bordered by white. The basilica is one of Italy’s largest churches, and until the modern era, the dome was the largest in the world. It remains the largest brick dome ever constructed.
The Colosseum in Rome is the largest and most famous amphitheater in the Roman world. Its construction was started by emperor Vespasian of the Flavian dynasty in 72 AD and was finished by his son Titus in 80 AD. The Colosseum was capable of holding some 50,000 spectators who could enter the building through no less than 80 entrances. Spectators were protected from the rain and heat of the sun by sails called the “velarium”, that was attached around the top of the attic.
Canals of Venice
Referred to as “The City of Water” venice is the crown jewel of water cities. Romantic gondolas, and Italian architecture along the Grand Canal helped earn this status. Stitched together with over 150 canals that have become central to its character, Venice has decayed since its heyday and has more tourists than residents, but with its romantic charm it remains one of the top tourist attractions in Italy.
India is 4:30 hours ahead of Italy
Official Currency “Euro”
Italy is a great destination to visit year round, particularly if taking a city break, though for the warmest and most reliable weather April to June is the prime tourist season. Most Italians take their holiday in July and August so prices, and crowds, can soar during these months, which are also the hottest of the year. If you’re keen to avoid the main scrum of peak season but still bank on mild weather, late September to October is a good choice.
Dinner -It’s between 7:30-9:00 p.m. Pressing your hungry face to the restaurant’s window at 6:00 p.m. will not change that. Calling for a reservation, and dressing up for dinner, however, will be appreciated.
Skin -Not shown so much in Italy. Short skirts, daisy dukes and halter tops do not epitomize the classical fashion taste of Italians. So cover up, unless, of course, you really are at the beach.
Don’t make special requests when ordering at a restaurant
Italians usually take things as listed on the menu and you don’t want to be the annoying foreigner who asks for special items.
Bread -It won’t be served with oil and balsamic vinegar (unless the restaurant caters to Americans), so resist asking the server to provide them. Also, bread is not to be eaten with pasta. It’s used to “fare la scarpetta” or “make a little shoe”, to clean the plate of sauce. Basically, bread is provided to accompany an appetizer.
Simplify Your Schedule -Leave time to wander the crooked, ancient streets on your own. Often, just a few blocks from the main attractions, day-to-day life is unfolding. Leave the crowds. Pause to listen to a street performer. Plan some time where you can get off the well beaten path for a gelato, coffee, or traditional meal with the locals. Besides, if you over schedule, you just get grumpy.
Afternoon Closings -This still surprises and perplexes Americans. Many shops will close down for the afternoon from 1:00-4:00 p.m., especially outside the city center. Italians go home to enjoy lunch as a family and relax. Try it!
Taxis: You need to call for a taxi, or go to an actual taxi stand. You cannot hail a cab on a street in Italy, although it’s amusing to watch Americans try! The taxi service in Florence is amazingly efficient and punctual, especially when compared to the post office.
Italian -It’s what is spoken! Learning a few words and common phrases will make a big difference in your experience. Rather than launching immediately in English, and assuming you will be understood, it’s polite to ask, “Parla l’Inglese?”
Coperto -The amount charged, per person, to sit down at a table. It’s not a ploy to take advantage of you because you are a tourist. While a coperto is not the same thing as a tip, tipping in Italy is not necessary, and never more than 5-10 percent.
Ask for the Check -It won’t be automatically delivered to your table after a meal in a restaurant. That doesn’t mean you are being ignored. Food and conversations are to be enjoyed, not rushed. When you are ready to leave, ask for the bill, “il conto.”
Slow Down: You can’t see it all. Trust me on this one. The reason 46 million tourists descend on Italy each year is because there is so much beauty to see and experience. A plethora of culture, art, vineyards, food, and museums — a lifetime is not enough. So, slow down, savor and appreciate what you do see.
Smile -You’ve made it to a country that has inspired visitors for centuries. Melt into its beauty and lifestyle, its art, music, and literature. Trade smiles with Italians and take home memories of a truly magnificent country, unlike any other in the world.
Italy is great and much more tolerable outside peak season. Try not to visit in the summer, especially August, when Italians go away.
Drivers in Italy get crazier the further south you go. City driving is for expert drivers only.
Be prepared to cover up at churches — don’t wear shorts, and bring a scarf to cover your shoulders if necessary. If not, you might have to wear the dreaded paper shawl.
Buy tickets to the most famous museums in advance, and don’t even think about not doing this in the high season.
Know that everyone will be dressed MUCH better than you. If you want to blend in, wear lots of black, designer sunglasses, and great shoes.
Ladies, if you need a self-esteem boost, go walk through a market. Every man will be telling you how beautiful you are.
Italy Travel Dont’s
Do not wear shorts which are unacceptable in public. Be sure that your shoulders, knees and midriff are covered when visit churches. If possible, wear a hat or scarf.
Do not use first names in Italian business. Personal and professional titles are used constantly in either casual conversation or formal writing.
Do not enter a taxi without a meter.
Do not keep wallets in pockets or handbags. Carry only what is needed for the day.
Do not use ATMs if possible. Invisible portable devices installed on ATMs, and wireless technology has been blamed for the cloning of credit cards.
Do not walk in dark, deserted streets near train or bus stations. Bag snatchers treat these streets their hunting places.
Do not talk about religion, Vatican, Mafia and politics, or questions about private family concerns.
Do not show up ten minutes early. Italians are not very punctual. Be prepared to wait 15-45 minutes before your Italian counterpart appears.
Do not give even number of flowers. Do not give chrysanthemums which are used for funerals. Do not give a brooch, handkerchiefs, or knives as they connote sadness.
Do not eat with your hands, not even fruits. Do not leave the table during dinner, which is considered rude.
Do not point with your index finger and pinkie finger at the same time, which is considered extremely vulgar in Italy.
Do not do right turns on red which are forbidden in Italy. Driving is on the right. Using hand phones while driving is illegal, and fines can exceed 100.
Do not book long distance overnight train journeys, which could be dangerous for gangs of thieves.
Italy Travel Do’s
Do shake hands for greeting. Use “Signore” (Mr.) and “Signora” (Mrs.), plus the family name for strangers. Do not use first names unless you are asked to do so.
Do wear stylish clothing. Italians take pride in their appearance. Dark suits are most common for men in business, with expensive ties, cuff links, and watches. Women should dress stylishly with make-up and jewellery.
Do use public transportation, which is usually capillary and fast.
Do carry cash that is only enough for the day, and leave the rest in the hotel safe.
Do be aware of groups of children in or around train or bus stations. Some of these baby gangs have been trained to pilfer wallets, cameras, even jewellery.
Do keep both hands above the table when dinning, even when you are finished eating.
Do expect a 10%-15% service charge to be added to your restaurant bill and do leave a small tip on top if the service was really good.
Do give your host a nice gift such as gift-wrapped chocolate, a wine or flowers, but not in black or gold, as those colors are reserved for funerals.
Do insist repeatedly that you don’t want more food once you are full. Do place your fork and knife on the right side of the plate to indicate that you are done eating.