Cyprus

CLIMATIC CONDITIONS

The climate is equable, with an abundance of sunny days throughout the year. The average daytime temperature from June to September is 32oC, from December to February 16oC and the other five monehts 25oC. Very cool, cotton clothes are recommended for the hot summer months. Jackets and light sweaters may be required for the evenings during May and June, September and October, and warm clothes are worn during the winter months. Summer is a season of high temperatures with cloudless skies, but the sea breeze creates a pleasant atmosphere in the coastal areas. Winters are mild with some rain and snow on Troodos Mountains (usually starting before Christmas). In Cyprus there is abundant sunshine, even in December and January, there is an average of six hours of bright sunshine per day.








OFFICIAL LANGUAGES

Turkish & Greek








CUSTOMS & CULTURE

Cypriot Family Values

The family is the centre of the social structure. The family includes the nuclear family and the extended family. The extended family is expected to help their relatives. Both maternal and paternal grandfathers have strong bonds with their grandchildren. Elders are respected and children expect to take care of their parents when as they become old and or infirmed.

Hierarchical Society

Cypriots are extremely respectful of hierarchy, which can be traced through back to their two main religions, Islam in Turkish Cyprus and Greek Orthodox in Greek Cyprus. People are respected because of their age and position. Older people are viewed as wise and are granted respect. The oldest person in a group is revered and honoured. In a social situation, they are served and introduced first.

Religion in Cyprus

Although predominantly Christian and Muslim, freedom of religion is safeguarded in the Cyprus constitution. The majority of Greek Cypriots belong to the Greek Orthodox Church. The Church of Cyprus is one of the oldest autocephalous churches and recognizes the ecumenical patriarch in Constantinople and retains administrative autonomy under its own archbishop. In small villages, women attend services more frequently than men, and elderly family members are usually responsible for fulfilling religious duties on behalf of the whole family.

Church attendance is less frequent in cities and among educated Cypriots. For much of the population, religion centres on rituals at home, veneration of icons, and observance of certain feast days of the Orthodox calendar. The majority of Turkish Cypriots are Muslims. Among certain obligations for Muslims are to pray five times a day – at dawn, noon, afternoon, sunset, and evening. During the holy month of Ramadan all Muslims must fast from dawn to dusk and are only permitted to work six hours per day. Fasting includes no eating, drinking, cigarette smoking, or gum chewing. Expatriates are not required to fast; however, they must not eat, drink, smoke, or chew gum in public.

Etiquette and Customs in Cyrpus

Meeting Etiquette

Shake hands, smile, and maintain direct eye contact during the greeting. Many Turkish Cypriots lower their eyes during the greeting as a sign of respect. Very religious Muslims do not shake hands with women. Wait to be invited before using someone’s first name. At small social gatherings, your hosts will introduce you to the other guests. Say goodbye to each person individually when leaving.

Gift Giving Etiquette

Gift giving is not an elaborate event. If invited to a Cypriot’s house, bring a consumable gift such as pastries. Do not give white lilies as they are used at funerals. Gifts are not opened when received.

Dining Etiquette

If you are invited to a Cypriot’s house: Shake hands with everyone when arriving and leaving. Dress casually but well. Offer to help the hostess with the preparation or clearing up after a meal is served. Complement the house.

Watch your table manners!
Table manners are Continental — the fork is held in the left hand and the knife in the right while eating. Remain standing until invited to sit down. The oldest person and guest of honour are generally served first. Do not begin eating until the hostess starts. Pass dishes with your right hand only. Expect to be offered second and even third helpings. It is polite to finish everything on your plate. If you have not finished eating, cross your knife and fork on your plate with the fork over the knife. Indicate you have finished eating by laying your knife and fork parallel across the right side of your plate.

Relationships & Communication

Cypriots prefer face-to-face meetings rather than doing business by telephone or in writing, which are regarded as too impersonal. It takes time to develop relationships; this may be accomplished in the office, over extended lunches, dinners, and social outings. Once a relationship has developed, their loyalty will be to you personally rather than to the company you represent.  If your company changes representatives, the relationship building will need to begin anew. It is imperative to show deference and respect to those in positions of authority. When dealing with people at the same level, communication can be more informal.

Avoid confrontation. Cypriots do not like publicly admitting they are incorrect. Under no circumstances should you ever let someone think that you do not trust them, since trust and personal relationships form the cornerstone of business.

Business Negotiation

Personal relationships are the foundation of a successful business relationship. Who you know can be more important than what you know. Do not raise your voice or appear upset or emotional while speaking.  Business discussions can be lengthy. Contracts are crucial and will be followed to the letter.

Cypriots are skilled negotiators. Expect a great deal of bargaining. Opening bids should leave a great deal of room for negotiation and concessions on both sides.

Dress Etiquette

Business dress is similar to most European conventions. Men should wear dark coloured, conservative business suits. Women should wear a conservative dress or business suits

 

CUISINE

FAMOUS FOOD OF CYPRUS INDIAN CUISINE OF CYPRUS
Afelia Jashan’s Indian Restaurant North Cyprus
Pork, marinated with coriander. Karaoglanoglu Main Road, Kyrenia 617, Cyprus
Village Salad
Salad composed of cabbage, lettuce, celery, cucumber, tomato, pepper, olives, feta cheese and herbs. New Delhi Indian Restaurant Co. Ltd
Bread 29 Poseidonos Ave, Flat S28, Pafos City, 8042, Paphos, Cyprus
Always white and a central component of every Cypriot meal. 26938932
Fish
Usually deep-fried. Masalas Indian Restaurant
Halloumi 10 Ithakis, Pyla, 7081, Larnaca, Cyprus
Cheese made from either sheep’s or cow’s milk which tastes especially good when fried. You can only find this cheese in Cyprus.
Hiromeri Koh-i-noor Indian Restaurant
Smoked ham. Kleious, YOULA COURT, Shop 7, Pafos City, 8042, Paphos, Cyprus
Hummus 26965544
Cold chickpea puree.
Kleftiko Taste Of India Restaurant
Lamb simmered in foil. 3 Chatzigeorgaki Kornesiou, Egkomi Municipality, 2415, Nicosia, Cyprus
Keftedes
Fried meatballs Ganga Indian Restaurant
Kolokasi Selinis, EVACHRIST APTS 4, Oroklini, 7041, Larnaca, Cyprus
Root vegetables. 24824949

PUBLIC HOLIDAYS

Date Day Number of Days Holiday
1-Jan Thursday 1 New Years Day
6-Jan Tuesday 1 Epiphany
23-Feb Monday 1 Green Monday
25-Mar Wednesday 1 Greek Independence Day
1-Apr Wednesday 1 Cyprus National Day
10-Apr Friday 1 Orthodox Good Fiday
13-Apr Monday 1 Orthodox Easter Monday
1-May Friday 1 Labour Day
1-Jun Monday 1 Pentacost Monday
15-Aug Monday 1 Dormition of the Theotokos
1-Oct Thursday 1 Cyprus Independence Day
28-Oct Wednesday 1 Greek National Day
24-Dec Thursday 1 Christmas Eve
25-Dec Friday 1 Christmas Day
26-Dec Saturday 1 Boxing Day

HEALTH & HAZARDS

HOSPITALS NAME
Andreas Constantinou Medical Centre                                     Tel:  25335548
Blue Cross Medical Centre                                                           Tel : 2622-1111
Evangelismos Hospital                                                                 Tel:  2684-8000
Lito Private Hospital                                                                    Tel: 2381-1111

 

TRAVEL DOCS

VISA
TRAVEL INSURANCE
FOREIGN CURRENCY
AIR TICKETS








ACCOMMODATION

4 STAR HOTELS  3 STAR HOTELS
Ajax Hotel  Rodon Hotel and Resort 
Georgiou Neophytou & D. Nicolaou Street, 4006 Limassol, Cyprus 1 Rodou Street, 4860 Agros, Cyprus
Aphrodite Hills Holiday Residences Pyramids View Inn
Aphrodite Avenue, 8509 Kouklia, Cyprus
Hotel   |   10 Sphinx Street – nazlet el samman | Pyramids Sound & Light Square, Cairo 1212, Egypt
00 20 100 058 6661
Ayii Anargyri Natural Healing Spa Resort King Hotel
Miliou, 8073 Miliou, Cyprus  20 Abdel Rehim Sabri Street | Dokki, Cairo 002, Egyp

UPCOMING EXPOS













MAJOR ATTRACTIONS

Ayia Napa
Situated in the south-eastern region of Cyprus, well known for being the world’s second largest clubbing district; it encompasses a honeypot location for a grade-A style club-life holiday.

The area is blessed with unspoiled beaches (most popularly, Nissi Beach) and warm waters – perfect for an appetite of bathing, tanning, and water sports. ‘The Square’ is Ayia Napa’s famous clubbing district filled with restaurants and night clubs including ‘The Castle Club’ – the largest club in Cyprus and one of its most popular night time destinations having been around for over two decades.

Paphos
Paphos holds its status as the culture capital of Cyprus without doubt, owing much of this to its rich cultural heritage and dated architectural landscapes. Its main attractions include the Tombs of the Kings, Adonis Baths Waterfalls, Ayios Neophytos Monastery, and the Kato Paphos Archaeological Park – to name some.

The city is also home to the Elysium Hotel – a five star deluxe hotel situated adjacent to the Tombs of the Kings, having won numerous awards internationally, it is known for its outstanding service and quality.

Limassol
Limassol is the second largest city in Cyprus, home to the Port of Limassol – the Cyprian transportation hub and a key player in the Mediterranean trade industry. The economic developments have evolved Limasoll into a tourism and culture hotspot.

The city still rivals neighbouring areas in archaeological landmarks like the ancient ruins of Kourion and the Limassol Theatre (pictured above), however, nowadays it holds a key part in Cypriot modernity – the Cyprus University of Technology opened its doors in 2007 attracting a wave of international students to the island, together with this, Limassol hosts two festivals; the Carnival in February-March, and the Wine Festival in September.

Larnaca
Larnaca is one of the oldest cities on the island, exploring the ribboned roads by foot is one of the best options. The seaside stretch of Larnaca Promenade provides a picturesque stroll in the evening; the coastline also houses the Wreck of the Zenobia, voted one of The Times top ten wreck diving sites in the world in 2003.

Leaving the streets behind, the Larnaca Salt Lake, besides its scenic beauty, is famous for its fauna, housing as many as 7000 flamingos each year, it adds as a getaway from the more complex city landscapes.

Platres
Positioned under the slopes of the Troodos Mountains, Platres offers tourists a renaissance away from sunny beaches and crowded promenades. Offering revitalising trails beneath a canopy of pine forests and streams, encompassing hotels tucked in its dense forest; Platres is a perfect spot for hiking and picnics.

More daring, and a far less known activity amongst the Cyprian beach type holiday makers is skiing in the Troodos Mountains, snow season occurs from December to April, and peak snowfall for skiing usually falls in January.

MAP

Cyprus map

TIME ZONE

India is 3 hours and 30 minutes ahead of Cyprus








TRANSPORTATION

  • Taxis
  • Train
  • Bus









CURRENCY

Official Currency ” Euro”

Click here to know current currency rate








BEST TIME TO VISIT

Cyprus is a year-round island destination in the Mediterranean. The most popular time to visit is during the hottest months, from June through August, when many Europeans come to enjoy the sun and beaches. The winter, from mid-November through mid-March, is the least busy time. The spring and fall have pleasant weather and are good times for sightseeing, wine tasting, village festivals, and outdoor activities. People who come for these activities, often American or Canadian visitors, will enjoy fewer crowds and lower prices.

The tourist season in Cyprus lasts from April to October. During this time there should be no trouble getting flights and hotels, all the attractions, restaurants and so on will be open, and there should be numerous activities and festivals to keep you occupied. The downside is, of course, overcrowding and inflated prices. Given a choice, try to avoid the fierce August heat (remember, Cyprus is just off the coast of the Middle East). If school holidays oblige you to visit the island in late July/August, make sure you’re in an air-conditioned hotel and are driving an air-conditioned car. The autumn, too, can be remarkably hot and humid, so don’t bank on cool, pleasant weather in September or even October. Pick of the times to visit Cyprus has got to be the spring, when skies are blue, the air is warm and balmy, the uplands are a luxuriant green, the streams and reservoirs are full of water, and there are wild flowers everywhere. To further refine your choice, try if possible to be in Cyprus during the Greek Easter – it’s a major celebration in the Orthodox calendar, and there are interesting and picturesque events going on in towns and villages across the island. Much of this advice applies to the north as well as the south, though festivals will in general be Muslim rather than Christian, and the north coast can be cooler than the rest of the island thanks to mountain breezes from the Kyrenia Range.

During winter your experience of Cypriot life is likely to be far more authentic and less touristy, but a lot of places will be shut, and the weather will be more unsettled and even quite cold – a plus if you’re there to avail yourself of the island’s limited skiing opportunities, but a bit of a pain otherwise.

TRAVEL TIPS

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Save money phoning home -A Buy a Cyprus SIM CARD. It only costs €15 to buy a pay as you go SIM CARD and use the Cytanet local network which is SO much cheaper than using your own mobile to dial home. You can buy a SIM card at the airport, most kiosks/mini supermarkets and from CYTA offices in major towns.
Don’t pay more than you need for a hire car -Unless you need a car to drive straight from the airport or you are visiting in the busiest months of July and August, don’t necessarily pre-book your hire car. You can nearly always get a rental car cheaper locally when you arrive.
Watch those air con units! -If you want air conditioning to get you through the hot summer nights, it will usually cost you an extra €4 to €5 per day for each air-con unit unless this is already included in the price of your holiday. You may want to follow the locals and sleep under the stars.
Pre-book if you want a decent hire bike -Want to hire a bike whilst on holiday? If you want to be sure of a quality bike, I recommend pre-booking your hire bike with a specialist company that will also provide safety equipment.
Find cheaper food far from the madding crowd -Make sure you get into the mountains for at least one day out. There you will find small tavernas offering their own blend of local food at much cheaper prices than in the main resorts and you will discover the real Cyprus, just as it was 30 years or more before.
Jeep safari? Check the vehicle! -Jeep safaris are a very popular way to see the more remote parts of the island like the Akamas Peninsula, but check to see whether your jeep has air conditioning. Sitting in a sizzling jeep in August next to 10 other very sweaty bodies is not much fun without it.
Alternatively, opt for a self-drive jeep safari where you have the fun and comfort of driving your own hire jeep whilst following a lead driver to stop you getting lost.
Live dangerously and try the local cuisine! -Try some of the local Cyprus specialities. My favourite travel tips for eating real Cypriot tasty dishes include the mouthwatering
Speak a little Greek -Learn a few Cypriot Greek words to help you get to know the locals. Cypriot Greek is quite different from mainland Greek due to the strong dialect spoken by many of the locals especially in the more remote mountain villages. In other words, it’s not easy to understand, but the locals will love you if you try and you mayeven get your meal or drinks for free if not half price!
Visit in the winter months-Looking for an ideal winter get-away? Villa hire is really cheap in the off season months (Nov-Feb) and you can stay in a fantastic 3 bedroom villa from only EUR€50 per day. But, before you rush to book, make sure that your villa has heating, either via air-con units in all rooms or via traditional radiators. Otherwise, believe me, you will be cold at night.
Be adventurous on your cyprus holiday -DO something differnt by learning a new skill whilst you are here – trydiving, mountain biking, rock climbing, water-ski-ing or paragliding. All these activities and more can be enjoyed here on the island. If activities like cycling uphill seem daunting, we’ve even heard of one company that operates an “uplift service”. They drop you off at a high point meaning all you need to do is point the bike downhill and enjoy the scenery!

Cyprus Travel Dont’s

Do not give white lilies as a gift, as it’s used for funerals. Traditionally, give something edible, such as pastries, which make a wonderful host gift. Gifts are not opened when received until later.
Do not enter a mosque without removing your shoes. Do not walk in front of someone who is praying.
Do not eat, drink, smoke, or chew gum in public during the Muslim holy month of Ramadan.
Do not sit until told to sit down. Do not begin eating until after the host does. Do not pass dishes with your left hand. Finish everything on your plate and lay your knife and fork parallel on the right side of your plate to indicate that you are done eating.
Do not pre-book your hire car. You can always get a much cheaper rental car locally when you arrive.
Do not cross hierarchy rank. Cypriots are extremely respectful of hierarchy. People are respected for their age and position. Older people are served and introduced first.
Do not open displays of affection if you are a gay. There is not wide social acceptance of gay people in Cyprus, and recognised gay venues are scarce.

Cyprus Travel Do’s

Do shake hands, smile, and maintain direct eye contact during the greeting. Very religious Muslims do not shake hands with women.
Do respect elders. The family is the centre of the social structure of Cyprus. Elders are respected and children expect to take care of their parents when as they become old and or infirmed.
Do learn a few Cypriot Greek words to help you get to know the locals. Cypriot Greek is quite different from mainland Greek due to the strong dialect spoken by many of the locals especially in the more remote mountain villages.
Do avoid confrontation. Cypriots do not like publicly admitting they are incorrect.
Do be punctuate, although you should be prepared to be kept waiting. Avoid hyperbole and making exaggerated claims about your products or services.
Do dress conservatively if going to a monastery or church. Men should wear pants and shirts. Women should wear pants or long skirts and cover their arms.
Do bring good walking shoes, a swimsuit and some sunscreen in your bag.
Do try something different in Cyprus. Diving, mountain biking, rock climbing, water-skiing or paragliding can all be enjoyed on the island.
Do make sure your jeep has air conditioning while taking jeep safaris to see the more remote parts of the island.
Do wear casual for most occasions. Beachwear is confined to the beach or poolside and more formal wear is required for business and exclusive social functions.
Do take caution for photograph. Photography is strictly prohibited in the areas surrounding military facilities and security zones.
Do tipping a little. Although a 10% service charge is included in the prices listed on every menu, it is customary to leave the waiter a little something extra.

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