The vast size of the country means that the Brazilian climate can vary greatly from region to region. The coastal cities of Rio de Janeiro, Recife and Salvador are hot and sticky for most of the year while plateau cities such as Sao Paulo, Brasilia and Belo Horizonte are milder. The southern cities of Curitiba and Porto Alegre can get quite cold during the winter.
Rainy seasons occur from January to April in the north, April to July in the northeast and November to March in the Rio and São Paulo area. The driest part of the country is the northeast, where rainfall is irregular and the evaporation rate very high.
Brazilian Society & Culture
Brazil is a mixture of races and ethnicities, resulting in rich diversity. Many original Portuguese settlers married native women, which created a new race, called ‘mestizos’. ‘Mulattoes’ are descendents of the Portuguese and African slaves. Slavery was abolished in 1888, creating over time a further blurring of racial lines. Unlike many other Latin American countries where there is a distinct Indian population, Brazilians have intermarried to the point that it sometimes seems that almost everyone has a combination of o European, African and indigenous ancestry.
Etiquette and Customs in Brazil
Men shake hands when greeting one another, while maintaining steady eye contact. Women generally kiss each other, starting with the left and alternating cheeks. Hugging and backslapping are common greetings among Brazilian friends. If a woman wishes to shake hands with a man, she should extend her hand first.
Gift Giving Etiquette
If invited to a Brazilian’s house, bring the hostess flowers or a small gift. Orchids are considered a very nice gift, but avoid purple ones. Avoid giving anything purple or black as these are mourning colours. Handkerchiefs are also associated with funerals, so they do not make good gifts. Gifts are opened when received.
If you are invited to a Brazilian’s house: Arrive at least 30 minutes late if the invitation is for dinner. Arrive up to an hour late for a party or large gathering. Brazilians dress with a flair and judge others on their appearance. Casual dress is more formal than in many other countries. Always dress elegantly and err on the side of over-dressing rather than under- dressing. If you did not bring a gift to the hostess, flowers the next day are always appreciated.
Relationships & Communication
Brazilians need to know who they are doing business with before they can work effectively. Brazilians prefer face-to-face meetings to written communication as it allows them to know the person with whom they are doing business. The individual they deal with is more important than the company. Since this is a group culture, it is important that you do not do anything to embarrass a Brazilian. Criticizing an individual causes that person to lose face with the others in the meeting. The person making the criticism also loses face, as they have disobeyed the unwritten rule.
Communication is often informal and does not rely on strict rules of protocol. Anyone who feels they have something to say will generally add their opinion. It is considered acceptable to interrupt someone who is speaking. Face-to-face, oral communication is preferred over written communication. At the same time, when it comes to business agreements, Brazilians insist on drawing up detailed legal contracts.
Brazilians pride themselves on dressing well. Men should wear conservative, dark coloured business suits. Three-piece suits typically indicate that someone is an executive. Women should wear suits or dresses that are elegant and feminine with good quality accessories. Manicures are expected.
|FAMOUS FOOD OF BRAZIL||FAMOUS INDIAN CUISINE|
|Little raindrops of fried goodness usually filled with chicken and a very creamy cheese called “catupiry.”||Plaza of the Rosary, Historical Center Largo do Ros�rio, Paraty, Brazil|
|Pão de Queijo|
|Little rolls of bread with cheese baked into it.||Ganesh|
|Açaí||Avenida Roque Petroni Junior, 1089, TR LJ 20, Jd Das Acacias Sao Paulo, SP, 04707-000 Brazil|
|A superfood berry used to make fruit bowls and smoothies. Pro tip: Blend with bananas and strawberries and top with granola and honey.|
|More fried goodness but this time with less dough, which you can fill with everything from cheese, to beef, to cod fish, and pretty much whatever else your stomach desires.||Rua Isabel,Prsa, 379, Sao Paulo, SP, 04601-001 Brazil|
|Moqueca de Camarão|
|A shrimp stew cooked in coconut milk and palm oil. Add veggies such as peppers and tomatoes to complete.||Maha Mantra|
|Bauru||Rua Fradique Coutinho, 766, Sao Paulo, SP, 05416-001 Brazil|
|A traditional sandwich with roast beef, mozzarella cheese, tomato, and pickled cucumber served on a French roll. Pro tip: Cut out the excessive dough from inside the roll.|
|1-Jan||Thursday||New Year’s Day|
|9-Jul||Thursday||State Rebellion Day|
|12-Oct||Monday||Lady of Aparecida|
|28-oct||Wednesday||Civil Servants Day|
|1-Nov||Sunday||All Saint Day|
|2-Nov||Monday||All Souls Day|
|20-Nov||Friday||Zumbi dos Palmares|
|Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein Tel: + 55 11 3747 1233|
|Hospital Copa d’Or Tel : + 55 21 2545 3600|
|Hospital Samaritano Tel: + 55 11 8240 022|
|3 STAR||4 STAR|
|Hibiscus Beach Pousada Buzios Hotel||Golden Tulip Brasilia Alvorada Hotel|
|22 Rua 1 Quadra C Praia De Joao Fernandes Buzios 28950-000||SHTN Trecho 01 Conj 1B Blocos A E B Brasilia 70800-200|
|Golden Tulip Belas Artes Hotel Sao Paulo||Melia Brasil 21|
|Rua Frei Caneca 1199 Sao Paulo 01307-003||Setor Hoteleiro Sul Quadra 6 Block B Asa Sul Brasilia DF 70316-000|
|Pestana Bahia Hotel Salvador||Pousadas Unicornio Hotel Buzios|
|3 G. Amendola Street, Termini Central Station, Rome, Italy 00185||Rua M lote 4 Condominio Do Atlantico Praia Do Ferradura, Buzios Estado Rio De Janeiro BR 28950|
Christ The Redeemer Statue on Corcovado Mountain
The most popular tourist attraction in Brazil. This statue of Jesus Christ is located in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, with His face fronting Sugar Loaf. The Statue of Christ the Redeemer is 98 feet high and is the second largest Art Deco sculpture in the world. It is at the peak of Corcovado mountain and has become an icon of Rio de Janeiro and Brazil. It was made with reinforced concrete and Soapstone. Every tourist can visit the top of the place and have this amazing view from the city of Rio de Janeiro.
Fernando de Noronha
Fernando de Noronha is a beautiful archipelago with pristine beaches, landscapes and wildlife, situated 354 km (220 miles) off the northeastern coast in Brazil. The archipelago was discovered by Amerigo Vespucci in 1503 and temporarily occupied by the Dutch and French before Portugal established dominion in 1737. Today only the largest of the 21 islands is inhabited with a population of about 3,500. The islands are a Mecca for divers and snorkelers with warm waters year-round and very good visibility even at depths of 50 meters.
At approximately 6,400 km (4,000 miles) the Amazon River is the second longest river in the world, just slightly shorter than the Nile, and the largest river by volume. The Amazon has over 3,000 recognized species of fish and new species are still being discovered. The Amazon Basin is covered by half of the planet’s remaining rainforests. Although a tenth of the world’s estimated 10 million living species live in the Amazon rainforest, jungle tours are more about the boating upriver into the damp, buzzing, oppressive ambience than actually spotting animals.
One of the great natural wonders of the world IGUACU FALLS is situated on the border between Brazil and Argentina. The waterfall system consists of 275 falls along the Iguazu River. The most impressive of them all is the Devil’s Throat a U-shaped with a height of 82 meter (269 ft). The falls can be reached from the cities Foz do Iguaçu in Brazil and Puerto Iguazú in Argentina, as well as from Ciudad del Este in Paraguay. On the Brazilian side there is a long walkway along the canyon with an extension to the lower base of the Devil’s Throat.
India is 7 hours and 30 minutes ahead of Brasilia, Federal District, Brazil
Official Currency “Brazilian Real “
If you’re headed to Brazil for Carnival then February is the time to be there. You definitely won’t be alone though so prepare for the crowds. If you’re keen to get away from the hordes visit in March or April, you’ll find the beaches are still amazing. History buffs will find the weather in Brazil best between June and August to avoid the heat.
At the airport, book your taxi from inside via an agency –There’s a risk of criminal taxi drivers robbing you straight from the airport with all your luggage. There have been incidents where the taxi is apparently held up and both driver and passenger robbed, but the cab driver is in on it, and will pick up his cut later. Booking from a reputable agency inside the airport will cost a little more, but is a much safer bet.
Don’t flash your cash (or swing your bling) –Do not go out with your expensive watch, flashy jewellery and the latest smartphone on display. In fact, if you can’t afford to lose it, it’s best to leave it at home. Instead, take that old indestructible Nokia and the watch you got free with a box of cereal, and only enough cash for that day.
Carry a decoy wallet and stash your cash in your underwear –Take a small wallet with a small amount of cash and some old cards that can be given up in the unlikely event of a robbery. Use your underwear as a purse (note: this may not work for coins!), and don’t carry valuables in your pockets as pick-pockets are common.
On buses, sit close to the driver -Robberies on the buses can happen, try to seat by the exit or closer to the driver which are safer than at the back.
Avoid cash machines (ATMs) in the streets -Instead use ones inside the banks or inside the shopping centres.
Don’t hang your bag/backpack on the chair whilst dining -Put it under the table and loop a strap round your leg or chair leg.
Consider couch-surfing -It’s a great way to meet locals, learn their habits (see tip #8), and get even MORE tips for travelling around Brazil.
Dress and act like a local -Ditch the hiking boots, and wear shorts, t-shirts and havaianas (a Brazilian brand of flip-flops). Brazilians wear them to go everywhere; from the beach to the pub. Also try to appear that you know where you are and what’s going on, rather than gawping at a map and looking lost.
Learn some lingo -It’s worth putting in the time to learn some Portuguese before you go as it really helps to have at least some idea of what’s being said around you.
Avoid narrow and empty streets after dark –As with most cities, don’t wander off the beaten path, especially at night. Stick to well-lit, well-populated places.
Carry your camera in an old plastic bag -If you really must take a camera (it’s Brazil! Of course you want to take pictures!) then carry it in an old supermarket bag to disguise it.
Live the Brazilian way –Share your beer, eat in the street and enjoy yourself, but be aware: Brazilians don’t buy rounds of drinks for each other, so don’t be surprised if you’re not offered a drink after getting them in for your newfound friends.
Get local knowledge –Ask at the reception of your accommodation if the place you’re planning to go is safe.
Be extra-vigilant on the beaches -Crowded beaches can be a hotspot for criminals. Sometimes groups of thieves carry out ‘arrastão’ (trawling); they cause panic so everyone runs, leaving behind all their belongings. Don’t take anything more than your bikini, towel and a minimal amount of money.
Don’t forget to get travel insurance! –Not the most exciting tip, but an important one nonetheless. Read our travel insurance advice.
Brazil Travel Dont’s
Do not ever bring excessive valuables and show it to public. Leave your necklaces, rings, expensive watches, bracelets, and other jewelries in a safe place as much as possible.
Do not carry money and credit card for pickpocketers attack. Take just enough cash for the day as well as a Credit Card with you, and try to keep everything in your front pocket. Leave the rest in you hotel safe box.
Do not eat street foods, drink only bottled water. Do not handle any animals.
Do not bring any strangers you meet outside to your hotel room. The easiest way to become a victim of theft or violence is to take someone you do not know back to your room.
Do not take public transportation. Take taxi instead of busses, and make sure the taxi driver turns the meter on. Bring money pouches strap around your neck. If you are driving, always keep the door locked.
Do not walk around with your camcorder or your camera swinging from your limp hand. Wear shoulder straps. If you bring along expensive cameras or camcorders, consider an insurance plan.
Do not do anything you would not do back home. You will not be tolerated if you breach the law.
Do not leave your drink unattended at the bar or accept drinks from strangers.
Do not make the ok sign with your hand which is considered a very rude gesture in Brazil. So unless you really want to make someone angry, avoid it!
Brazil Travel Do’s
Do dress down and conceal cameras, and avoid wearing jewellery and expensive watches.
Do purchase the option of a safety deposit box, and do deposit valuables in hotel safes.
Do aware of unofficial taxis and those with blacked-out windows and be particularly careful on public transport in Rio, Recife and Salvador, particularly at night.
Do purchase the optional travel insurance. It is better to be safe than sorry.
Do try to learn some Portuguese as you can, which will make your vacation more memorable. Although you can survive with English in large cities, most people living in rural areas would not be able to understand you.
Do shake hands for man, while women tend to kiss each other in greeting. Greetings are carried out with handshakes accompanied with touching of the forearm, elbows, and pats on the back.
Do avoid dark and isolated places especially if you are alone. Where you do not see a single soul at night, such as the Flamengo Park or the Financial District, also, avoid going to the beach in the middle of night by yourself. Do not wander off by yourself. Anywhere around the mountains or hills should be avoided.
Do keep a map, and don’t let anyone know you are lost if you’re ever caught in such a situation.
Do keep pursues close to your body. Watch out street kids, although they look cute and innocent, they are some of Rio’s most elusive pickpocketers.
Do bring long pants, long-sleeved shirt, eyeglasses, cap or hat to avoid mosquito bites. Do bring insect repellant for illnesses from dengue, leishmaniasis, and malaria. If you are planning to stay out overnight, do bring mosquito nets, insect sprays, and necessary prescription medications.