Australia has two climate zones – tropical and temperate”.
The tropical zone is in the north above the Tropic of Capricorn, encompasses about 40% of the country, and experiences two seasons – summer (wet) and winter (dry). The summer rain brings the lush rainforests of the tropical zone to life.”
Conditions in spring and summer are tropical in the north with high humidity and temperatures ranging between 86 and 122o F. Temperatures in the south sit at around 86oF during the day, with mild temperatures at night. In fall and winter, northern and central Australia have clear warm days and cool nights, with an average temperature of around 68oF. The south has cool days averaging around 59oF with occasional rain but still plenty of sun.
Australians are very down to earth and always mindful of not giving the impression that they think they are better than anyone else.
They value authenticity, sincerity, and loathe pretentiousness.
Australians prefer people who are modest, humble, self- deprecating and with a sense of humour.
They do not draw attention to their academic or other achievements and tend to distrust people who do.
They often downplay their own success, which may make them appear not to be achievement-oriented.
Australians place a high value on relationships.
With a relatively small population, it is important to get along with everyone, since you never know when your paths may cross again.
This leads to a win-win negotiating style, since having everyone come away with positive feelings helps facilitate future business dealings.
A Multi-Cultural Society
The initial population of Australia was made up of Aborigines and people of British and Irish descent.
After World War II there was heavy migration from Europe, especially from Greece, Italy, Germany, the Netherlands, Yugoslavia, Lebanon, and Turkey.
This was in response to the Australian policy of proactively trying to attract immigrants to boost the population and work force.
In the last thirty years, Australia has liberalised its immigration policy and opened its borders to South East Asia.
This has caused a real shift in self-perception as Aussies begin to re-define themselves as a multi-cultural and multi-faith society rather then the old homogenous, white, Anglo- Saxon, Protestant nation.
Australian Etiquette & Customs
Australians are not very formal so greetings are casual and relaxed.
A handshake and smile suffices.
While an Australian may say, ‘G’day’ or ‘G’day, mate’, this may sound patronizing from a foreigner.
Visitors should simply say, ‘Hello’ or ‘Hello, how are you?’
Aussies prefer to use first names, even at the initial meeting
Gift Giving Etiquette
Small gifts are commonly exchanged with family members, close friends, and neighbours on birthdays and Christmas.
Trades people such as sanitation workers may be given a small amount of cash, or more likely, a bottle of wine or a six-pack of beer!
If invited to someone’s home for dinner, it is polite to bring a box of chocolates or flowers to the hostess. A good quality bottle of wine is always appreciated.
Gifts are opened when received.
Many invitations to an Aussies home will be for a ‘barbie’ (BBQ).
Guests to a barbeque typically bring wine or beer for their personal consumption. In some cases, very informal barbecues may suggest that you bring your own meat!
Arrive on time if invited to dinner; no more than 15 minutes late if invited to a barbeque or a large party.
Contact the hostess ahead of time to see if she would like you to bring a dish.
Offer to help the hostess with the preparation or clearing up after a meal is served.
FAMOUS FOOD OF AUSTRALIA
The pie floater is unique to areas of South Australia. A pie floater is actually a meat pie that is inverted and placed in a thick green pea soup.
The chiko roll was invented by Frank McEnroe. This food item was initially inspired by the Chinese egg roll. Chiko roll is a thick roll that contains ingredients such as celery, barley, cabbage, beef, corn, carrot, onion, and spices for taste, rolled up in a tube of flour, egg, and dough.
Australian Meat Pie
The meat pie is a dish that is savored in different forms all over the world. However, the meat pie of Australia has attained the status of a national dish. Hot pies are actually a favorite with all the local people.
Lamington is a tempting, traditional cube-shaped dessert of Australian origin. It is a sponge cake which is dipped into a mixture of chocolate coating. The cake is then covered with desiccated coconut.
These sweet biscuits have an interesting history behind them. They are associated with the Australia and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) that was established during World War I
|1-Jan||Friday||New Year’s Day|
|8-Feb||Monday||Royal Hobart Regatta|
|14-Mar||Monday||March Public Holiday|
|26-Sep||Monday||Family and Community Day|
|27-Dec||Tuesday||Christmas Day holiday|
LIST OF HOSPITALS
Royal Perth Hospital
Perth, WA 6000
Heidelberg Repatriation Hospita
300 Waterdale Road
PO Box 5444
Phone: 03 9496 5000
Fax: 03 9496 2541
The royal Melbourne Hospital
Grattan Street (corner of Royal Parade), Parkville
Cohuna District Hospital
144-158 King George St.
Cohuna Victoria 3568
Postal Address: Cohuna, VIC 3568.P.O. Box 317
Phone: 03 5456 5300 ,03 5456 2435
|3 STAR||4 STAR|
|The Waverton House||Absolute Beachfront Opal Cove Resort|
|23 Tunks Street, Waverton, 2060 Sydney, Australia||Opal Boulevard (off the Pacific Highway), 2450 Coffs Harbour, Australia|
|Quality Hotel CKS Sydney Airport||Wrest Point|
|35 Levey Street, Wolli Creek, Mascot, 2205 Sydney, Australia||410 Sandy Bay Road, 7005 Hobart, Australia|
|Randwick Space||Ramada Couran Cove Island Resort|
|Shalom College, UNSW Campus, Enter from Barker Street, Kingsford , Randwick, 2031 Sydney, Australia||South Stradbroke Island, 4216 Gold Coast, Australia|
|Royal Hotel||The Towers Of Chevron Renaissance|
|2 Perouse Road, Randwick , Randwick, 2031 Sydney, Australia||23 Ferny Avenue, Surfers’ Paradise, 4217 Gold Coast, Australia –|
Sydney is the largest and most populous city in Australia and offers a lot of interesting tourist locations. The most famous is, off course, Sydney opera house. It is designed by the Danish architect John Utzon. Tourists are allowed to see the backstage and the front of the house. Beside the Opera house, other tour destinations are the Hunter Valley Wineries, Harbour Highlights cruises Jenolan Caves, the marine aquarium at Darling Harbor and many others.
Perth is the city with a wide range of attractions from a sight-seeing, wildlife, aquatic fun and adventures to Aboriginal culture and dance. Attractions that should be seen in Perth are: Perth Zoo, the Perth Mint, Stirling Gardens, Lake Monger, the Art Gallery of Western Australia, Western Australian Museum, Concert Hall, Cultural Centre, His Majestys Theatre…
Tasmania is the place where you can go to take a break of the fast urban life. It is very unique place for holiday, and the nature and wilderness are inseparable. The reasons for visit Tasmania can vary… From rich Tasmanian history and culture, spectacular beaches to the mountains and lagoons. Tasmina is widely well known for its wild life and beauty.
Fraser Island is the world’s largest sand island. You can call it hidden natural treasure. It is host of an endangered species of wild dogs, Dingos, and several types of fish found only in Australia. With the beaches that looks like haven, it is very popular holiday destination for people all over the world.
Kakadu National Park is declared as one of the World Heritage sites in Australia. Stretching for more than 200 km south from the coast and 100 km from east to west, Kakadu National park has a rich wild life and native plants. It is also home to about 500 Aborigines.
Australia is 5 hours and 30 minutes ahead of India
Official Currency “Australian Dollar”
Australia’s climate has become less predictable in recent times, with phenomena such as the cyclic El Niño effect probably part of a long-term pattern. In December 2010 and January 2011, the eastern seaboard suffered the worst flooding for a generation; in Queensland, an area the size of France and Germany combined vanished underwater, with 130,000 homes affected in Brisbane, while a lake 80km long pooled in Victoria. Before that, in 2008–09, there were severe floods in the NT, droughts in New South Wales, hurricane-like storms in Western Australia, a record-busting heat wave in South Australia and devastating bushfires in Victoria. Bushfires also swept large areas of New South Wales in 2013.
Aboriginal performance -While you’re in Australia make sure you get to attend an Aboriginal music and dance performance. It’s a great opportunity to hear the low-pitched drone of the didgeridoo, a wind instrument made from a small hollow tree trunk…
Beaches -Don’t be surprised by what they wear (or don’t wear) on the beaches!
Vegemite -Try some! It’s a yeast spread which that has the same standing that peanut butter has in North America. But it’s best to start with a small taste (and we mean small)…
Barbie (bbq) etiquette -If an Aussie invites you over for a barbie you’ll be expected to bring your own wine or beer, and probably your own meat as well. The general stereotype is that Aussie ‘blokes’ stand around the bbq with a beer, while the ‘sheila’s’ (Aussie women) gossip and prepare salads. The dress code is casual.
Croc safety -There are two types in Australia – the freshwater and saltwater varieties. The more-dangerous saltwater crocs can be found in tidal estuaries but can travel to freshwater areas, sometimes as far as 300 km upstream. Make sure you read the local warning signs and take extra care in tidal estuaries. Avoid swimming, paddling or camping near water in crocodile infested areas, and if in a boat avoid leaning out of it.
Sunscreen -No matter where you are in Australia or what season it is, always remember your sunscreen. The sun in the southern hemisphere is much stronger than in the northern hemisphere and burn time can be as quick as 8 minutes. It’s best to wear a shirt and put on a hat while enjoying the great outdoors. Sunscreen containing SPF30+ coverage is recommended and buying it down under is probably best so you get the strong stuff!.
Do not forget to carry photocopies of your identity and other essential documents wherever you go and leave copies with trust family back home.
Do not bring with you prohibited items, such as meat, packaged, dairy products or fresh fruits and vegetables.
Do not eat, drink and smoke on public transports, most stores and public buildings.
Do not blow your nose in public which is socially unacceptable.
Do not swim outside the red and yellow flags at beaches for your safety. These flags designate safe areas.
Do not swim in the ocean until you have checked the warnings posted on the beaches.
Do not hire any vehicle from unlicensed operators.
Do not be offended being addressed by your first name. In Australia, first names are used both in personal greetings and business correspondence. Professional titles are not prominent in Australian business culture, and are sometimes dismissed as pretentious.
Do not touch, pat or hug other men in public which is considered socially unacceptable.
Do not visit without appointment. Unannounced visits are not part of Australian culture; always make a call before you wish to meet the people.
Do not put your elbows on the table when eating, and do indicate that you are full by putting your knife and fork parallel on your plate with the utensil handles facing right.
Australia Travel Do’s
Do carry a list of emergency phone numbers and your embassy contact information.
Do make sure you wear waterproof sun cream to avoid sunburn when outdoors.
Do keep your valuables in the safe deposit of your hotel room safely.
Do change money from a recognized moneychanger such as a bank or at airport.
Do use the seat belts while driving in Australia, which is mandatory. If you are cycling then you must wear a helmet.
Do sit in the front with the taxi driver which is customary for men in Australia, but a woman travelling alone should sit in the back left passenger seat of the car.
Do wear casual clothing if you’re not going to a business function. For business functions, wear a dark business suit and tie for men or a skirt and blouse or a dress for woman.
Do greet with a smile and a handshake. It is customary to shake hands at the beginning and end of a meeting. “G’day, mate” (pronounced G’die mite) is a popular casual greeting, particularly between individuals who have already known each other.
Do maintain personal space and keep an eye contact when speaking to an Australian which is important in their culture.
Do learn some knowledge of major sports and how the local team is getting on if you want to associate with Australian males. Sport is supreme in Australia.
Do bring your own beer at a restaurant except for more upscale restaurants. Bringing your own beer is acceptable and cheaper.
Do tip if you enjoyed the service. Tipping is not the general custom in Australia, waiters, porters at airports and taxi drivers do not expect to be tipped.
Do feel ‘at home’ when invited to an Australian house. Australian hospitality tends to be very informal, and you will be encouraged to serve yourself.
Do expect a barbecue (“barbie”) if invited to someone’s home for a meal. Do bring beer or a bottle of wine for the host which is customary. Do bring your own wine or beer for yourself if going to a barbecue. At more informal barbecues, you might be told to bring your own meat.